Musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace: how to support your staff

According to the NHS website, musculoskeletal conditions affect the joints, bones and muscles and also include rarer autoimmune diseases and back pain. Unfortunately, many of the adult population are affected by these sorts of conditions and this can massively impact their quality of life. Employers must therefore consider how their own staff are affected by these sorts of conditions and what they can do to help.

Not exclusively should managers be accommodating for employees with existing musculoskeletal conditions, they must also take preventative measures so that conditions aren’t caused at work.  One study, carried out by the HSE (Health and Safety Executive in Great Britain), discovered that 507,000 workers suffered from a work-related musculoskeletal disorder (new or long-standing) in 2016/17.

How can employers provide assistance to staff with musculoskeletal disorders? And, what preventative action can they take to stop these types of disorders developing? Read on as we explore the issues further.

Employment and musculoskeletal disorders

One in four of the UK adult population are affected by musculoskeletal disorders. Based on data gathered in 2016/17, 45% of musculoskeletal disorders are to do with the upper limbs or neck, 38% to do with the back, and 17% involve the lower limbs. Out of sufferers within working age (16-64), 59.4% are employed. There is a downward trend of musculoskeletal disorders per 100,000 from 2001 to 2017, but it’s still an issue that must be considered.

Another problem that comes with having musculoskeletal conditions is struggling with full attendance — resulting in periods of absenteeism. In fact, 30 million working days were lost due to these conditions in 2016 which can be costly for employers. Based on calculations that consider the average UK salary and a working day of 7.5 hours, an individual sick day can cost an employer £107.85 if the worker receives full sick pay. There is also the cost of work being covered, perhaps this is by another employee who then can’t do their own work.

Taking action to help employees

Due to the number of sufferers of musculoskeletal disorders, at one point or another, and employer will have to deal with it in the workplace. What can employers do to make work more enjoyable for these employees? And potentially reduce the number of sick days taken?

Working from home

Employees turning up to work but at a reduced efficiency of the norm due to not feeling fully fit, this is called presenteeism. 39% of public sector workers and 26% of private sector workers have experienced this in their own workplace according to the ONS (Office for National Statistics). Presenteeism often occurs because an employee is afraid to call in sick out of fear of being penalised by their employer. One way to address this for sufferers of musculoskeletal disorders is to provide them with the option to work from home.

Getting to and from work can be difficult for those who experience musculoskeletal pain as getting in and out of a vehicle or riding public transport can be painful. Instead, employees can stay at home where they may feel more comfortable and get on with their work — reducing lost productivity time that may occur if they come into work.

What’s more, having the capacity to telecommute enables these workers to go to general recovery or physio therapy appointments and make up for the lost hours in their own time, at home. Perhaps their rehabilitation centre is closer to home than it is for work, and less time may be spent getting to and from their sessions than if they were travelling from the company.

Specialist equipment

Inquiring as to whether they require specialist equipment at work is another approach to enhance their solace and lessen the danger of truancy, or further injuries. Examples of these include:

  • Sitting or standing desks — Giving employees the option of a sitting or standing desk is one way to help. For some, standing upright may be more comfortable than sitting in the same position for a prolonged period.
  • Ergonomic keyboard — These are designed to reduce muscle strain and should be offered to employees. For sufferers of musculoskeletal disorders, tasks that may be easy for some such as using a keyboard, mouse or pen can be difficult for someone who suffers with repetitive strain injury for example. Those with arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome may also struggle with these types of tasks.
  • Lifting assistance — Where lifting is required as part of the job, offering assistance with heavy lifting can be helpful. A trolley for example can help employees transport objects that they might be struggling with. This may provide pain relief from arthritic conditions for example and can help prevent further injury and strain.
  • Other equipment — By talking to employees, company bosses can find out about other types of specialist equipment that could be helpful — tailored to each person and their needs.

Complementary therapy

Despite the fact that sufferers of musculoskeletal torment are generally prescribed their own medication or may use pain relief gels, offering complementary treatment at work can likewise be useful. It could be something that employers could fund or offer to the full workforce.

Keeping pressure and nervousness levels at minimum is vital in the work environment – added stress can increase pain levels and deter all employees from coming to work. There is a clear link between musculoskeletal disorders, mental health and work loss. In fact, depression is four times more common amongst people in persistent pain compared to those without pain. Ensuring that all employees have someone to talk to if they are feeling under pressure is important and encouraging positive energy throughout the workforce with social events can also help. If employees are feeling extra stress, it could be worth looking into hiring extra staff or referring workers for therapy for example.

Yoga is a reciprocal treatment that has been found to help with musculoskeletal pain. There are many ways that employers could encourage their workers to participate in this exercise — through organised classes within break times or after work, or through funding the classes. Although expensive, it’s possible that this extra exercise will help manage pain levels and reduce sick days.

Other methods of support

Offering overall support and making all workers feel valued in the workplace is important. What else can employers do to retain staff with musculoskeletal disorders?

  • Recognising and being aware of the conditions early on — If an employee has recently been diagnosed with a musculoskeletal issue, they should be encouraged to tell their employer as soon as possible. This allows for the company to intervene early and get the measures in place that will encourage the employee to return to work as soon as they can.
  • Promote good communication inside and outside of the workplace — Employers should take time to learn about each of their employees and their issues. This way, appropriate changes can be made at work which can encourage workers to come to their boss with problems and suggestions.
  • Creating a ‘return-to-work’ programme — For those who have sustained an injury, creating a phased return could be beneficial for them. This reduces the risk of them taking a long period of sick leave through appropriate adjustments in their working environment.

Executing safeguard measures

As well as having to accommodate for staff with existing musculoskeletal disorders, it’s also important for companies to have preventative measures in place to stop new injuries from occurring or existing strains to worsen.

507,000 workers suffered from work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) (new or long-standing) in 2016/17. Because of this, 8.9 million working days were lost to WRMSDs in the UK in this time period — accounting for 35% of all working days lost. Understandably, some industries have higher than average rates of musculoskeletal disorders because of the nature of the job; these are construction, agriculture, forestry and fishing, and transportation and storage. Research also found that WRMSDs are more prevalent in males.

Some WRMSDs are associated with certain work patterns that employees should be aware of, these include:

  • Fixed or constrained body positions.
  • Repetition of the same movements.
  • Forced concentration on small parts of the body such as the hands or the wrist.
  • Working without sufficient recovery between movements.

Preventative measures mainly involve being aware of the potential triggers of musculoskeletal disorders in each organisation. Employers should encourage their staff to take breaks or move away from their workstations frequently (at least once every hour).

As we have seen, in spite of the fact that the quantity of individuals with musculoskeletal disorders is decreasing, it is still prominent in the UK workforce. Therefore, employers must take action to help employees through specialist equipment, the option of working from home, and potentially funding complementary therapy. They should also recognise if their employees are at risk of WRMSDs and take appropriate preventative measures.


Author bio

Lee Dover is a senior copywriter at Mediaworks with an interest in healthcare as well as researching into healthier ways of living. He has a BA (Hons) in Magazine Journalism.



State of Musculoskeletal Health 2017 report — Arthritis Research UK

Top jobs to do while on holiday



When thinking of travelling, you may envision drinking a fruity cocktail on the beach of some tropical island. However, for those who want to travel for long periods of time, it can be expensive and you might need an extra bit of cash to explore the world.

The good news is there are many ways you can work while travelling and you might even make a few connections through networking that can help you in your career. The public relations team at Adoni Media says that networking is vital for anyone trying to get a head start or trying to progress their career.

Many of us can’t afford to quit our jobs to travel the world, but there are many different opportunities to earn money overseas. Here is a list of the jobs you can do while globetrotting:

  • Travel blogger or freelancer: One of the first jobs you might think of is travel blogging, however, you first need to build an audience. This is because the income you earn from blogging depends on advertising, your site’s ability to sell products and affiliate marketing. This might take a few years, so another alternative is freelancing writing. Some publications pay people to write reviews and recommendations on things they do while overseas. This might be an article on the accommodation you stayed in or a tourist attraction you visited.
  • Teaching English overseas or online: English teachers are in high demand all over the world. You can teach a class in person or online. By teaching, you can gain valuable connections and get to see a side of a culture that most people don’t get to see.
  • Freelance Photographer: If you are passionate and skilled in taking photographs, you can actually make a living off it. Even though it’s tough work, being a freelance photographer means you get to travel to many different places and sell your photos to all sorts of publications.

The psychology behind in store music and shopping behaviour

Music can have a large influence on consumer behaviour, so having the right music playing in your shop is vital. To make the most of the music you are playing you need to think about the mood or feeling you want to create.

Image Credit

Upbeat or slow? Classical or modern?

Research shows that the flow of customers through your shop can be heavily impacted by the volume and also the tempo of the in store music.

Louder music, or music with a faster tempo can result in your customers moving a bit faster around the shop without reducing sales but be careful, as loud music that your customers don’t like could cause them to become mildly frustrated which could then be interpreted as a negative experience. These are subconscious actions that they might not even be aware of.

Playing slower music will result in your customers moving more slowly so they may spend more time in your shop and spend more money. When might you want this? Probably during quieter times. If people are listening to music that they like it can make the time pass faster, so if you have periods when you are expecting longer queues then this could help keep your customers relaxed and happy whilst queuing.

Image Credit

What is right for your shop?

What kind of feel do you want your customers to have? Are you high end or more of a budget shop? According to research by APS if you are selling expensive products then playing classical music could encourage your customers to spend that little bit more. But if you are selling lower ticket items classical music would not be right, it could give the wrong impression and make customers feel a bit wary of the prices. You could consider having a bespoke music package created by a media company such as

So there is a lot to consider when choosing your background music. Where your business fits in the market and the demographics of your customers will be important, plus the music needs to fit with your brand and your range of products. Do you want your customers spending more time in store, or is an increase in your sales the main focus? Even slight changes in your shop can make a huge difference to the customer experience and behaviour.


Quick Tips For A More Explosive swim Start

Are you that kind of a person who swims for passion or swimming is a necessity for your triathlon addition? Whichever reasons you might have for swimming, these quick tips will help you while training. You want to carry a shocking speed into the water, through breakouts, and explode up into the swimming portion of the race! It is very simple. Find all the detailed information on la Quinta pool service for the right training and quick tips.

  1. Time The Starter’s Gun In The Races Leading Up yours

Crouch over into the start position and explode up into the air with your arms up immediately you have heard the pistol or whichever starter they will use. This is to help you anticipate the time you will be kept in a start position. For real things, your body will be primed by your body fast twitch fibers.

  1. Hula Hoop Your Way To Cleaner Entries.

For an excellent experience, you should visualize doing it, but to make sure you are getting into the tight hole throw a Hua hoo in the water make sure you work on driving crisply though it.

  1. Elbows Should Be Pointed Back, Not out.

At the start, our legs get more attention. In order to get that pulling motion and velocity required for a start then you should never forget pulling forward on the block by having your elbow pointed backward, and not outwards which leak power required for the start aside.

  1. Wrap Your Thumbs Under The Block.

Research has proven that most swimmers improve their start by focusing on pulling more with their arms on the block. In order to get most out of the pulling motion, you should always wrap your thumbs around the block.

Guide for education Agency to attract Chinese Students

A definitive Manual for Understudy Enrollment IN CHINA

Astute Understudy Enrollment IN CHINA

Having worked both in understudy enrollment, correspondences and advertising in China I have seen the tremendous potential direct for abroad Schools and Colleges. The request is at an unequaled high yet such a significant number of establishments are attempting to take advantage of this. I have in this way built up an online understudy enlistment methodology that conveys brings about a financially savvy route for establishments.

It would be ideal if you see this article for a prologue to the procedure and contact for more data.

At the danger of sounding adage, we are apparently in a ‘brilliant age’ for Chinese global examination abroad. China, with it’s 350 million white collar class shoppers is experiencing a seismic move regarding it’s qualities, tastes and desires, particularly with regards to guidelines of training.

As levels of riches develop in-accordance with Gross domestic product development of 7% every year so does the prioritization of a superb training. In developing social orders, this is dependably a key pointer of advance. The Chinese, because of the notorious ‘one youngster approach’, put intensely into their Kids’ future with a ‘global training’ exceedingly prized among families and understudies.

The inquiry is how would you develop the perceivability and notoriety of your foundation in China to draw in understudies in the most financially savvy way?

A scholastic comprehension of the Chinese computerized condition is required to use the enormous open doors displayed by this developing understudy advertise.

Understudy Enrollment IN CHINA

Savvy Understudy Enrollment Program

The response for Colleges and Universities is to build up a smart understudy enlistment technique that is focused on and concentrated on your center understudy statistic. Understanding where and how your intended interest group are hunting down data online is the key.

Furthermore you have to tailor your administrations to the Chinese market, what is your one of a kind offer in this inexorably focused part?

Interchanges and Enrollment CAN BE Separated INTO 3 KEY Segments:

Interchanges (e-notoriety, squeeze relations, online networking)

Enlistment in China (Chinese Site Advanced for Baidu, Understudy Discussions)

Alumini Administration (Movement and Advancement of Alumini Achievement)

Understudy Enlistment Starts On the web

China presently brags a 65% online infiltration rate with nearly 900 million ‘netziens’ on the web. Chinese society has grasped computerized and the web with an intensity once in a while discovered anyplace else. Clients are spending all things considered 1.5 hours for every day perusing on the web and will investigate widely for training openings/course data on the web.

The key is that China’s computerized circle is cut off from whatever remains of the globe by the ‘Incomparable Chinese Firewall’, this has brought about a totally one of a kind online eco-framework with regards to understudy enrollment.

Action must be custom fitted to Chinese particular stages.

Impacting THE Positioning OF YOUR Establishment (Site and Perceivability)

This is vital, the positioning of establishment must be made once again on the ‘Chinese web’, your past notoriety in English will (all in all) not be seen by Chinese not utilizing a VPN benefit.

China’s ‘Google’ is Baidu. A monster that manages 75% of the web crawler advertise. It is along these lines fundamental to build the positioning of courses and schools on this stage and ought to be viewed as stage one.

Web optimization (site improvement) is a methodology that attempts to rank a College or School’s legitimate site in the characteristic list items after some time. This is the place the most noteworthy quality understudy prospects are found. Genuine research goes into where to contemplate abroad so guardians (regularly the chiefs) will widely peruse through Baidu comes about in light of watchword seeks.

You have to rank very here. The methodology to do this is to make interesting Chinese substance, produce backlinks to your site and streamline the site for Mandarin Character watchword seeks.

This approach can be supplemented by PPC (pay per click) adverts which show up at the highest point of the news nourish, anyway the most genuine understudy prospects will get in touch with you through the normal list items.

Top ressource :

Why shelving is making a huge impact

Whatever type of business you run, it needs to be organised. You need to have products stacked properly, and you must be able to find them easily. You only have to look at a library with books arranged in alphabetical order to know how aesthetically pleasing and practical shelving can be when it’s used properly. Shelves can look good and make life easier whether it is in a factory, warehouse, kitchen or other workspace.

Image Credit

Better use of space

Shelving along the walls or dividing a room provides the means to store things on top of each other, thereby creating more space. Before buying shelving, look at the size and number of products that will be stored there.

Safety first

Make sure the shelving is made of a material that is durable enough to handle the weight of the products being stored there. You will need to make sure the brackets and hinges are suitable, too. Shelves can reduce accidents because there is nothing littering the floor for people to fall over.

Image Credit

Improve efficiency

Industrial shelving in Ireland can make your company more productive. Using shelving effectively means it is easy to find and retrieve products, thus making the workforce more efficient. In turn, this can improve your customer service as you can organise customer orders by making sure products are stored correctly. You may need to label different shelves to show what they contain, but this will also help you know how much stock you hold.

Types of shelving

You will find various types of industrial shelving. These include wood shelves, which are durable and look good. These are used extensively in libraries and bookshops. Plastic shelves are good for displaying and storing lighter items. Metal shelving is the most durable and is used to store heavy material. Wire shelving is also versatile and durable. For further information about the types of industrial shelving in Ireland, take a look at

Cost and quality are important considerations, but you also need to make sure your shelving is fit for purpose. Storage shelves are practical, but they can also be pleasing to the eye and make the working environment look neater. As it becomes more expensive to rent bigger workspaces, it is increasingly important to maximise the use of the space available to you. Shelving and storage can help immensely.

Everything you need to know about basic disclosure

If you apply for a job that will involve financial issues or require you to work closely with children or vulnerable adults, it is extremely likely that the employer will require you to get a Basic Disclosure. If this is new to you, it can be a confusing world of jargon and anxiety. Basic Disclosure is also known by many other names, so here we intend to set out the basics of Basic Disclosure to help you on your way.

Image Credit

What is Basic Disclosure?

Basic Disclosure is a search on your criminal record for anything that may be relevant to your job. Basic Disclosure used to be known as a CRB check, named after the department that carried out the research. It is now more commonly called Basic Disclosure or a DBS check – once again named after the new department that sorts this all out, the Disclosure and Barring Service. It is not to be confused, however, with Standard Disclosure, which is a more detailed criminal records check that only employers can obtain for their staff.

Why does my employer want Basic Disclosure?

It is not the employers who makes this decision, although they are likely to want and need the information in any event. It is the government who puts together a list of occupations and responsibilities that would require one because the job holds some sort of responsibility that may make previous criminal activity be relevant. Your employer would be acting illegally if they did not obtain the basic DBS check if the role that you are applying for is included on this list.

Image Credit

How do I apply for Basic Disclosure?

You must complete a basic DBS check form and prove your identity by including a passport or driving license and some utility bills. These documents should be sent off to a DBS provider service offering basic DBS checks with the appropriate fee.

What information is included?

As standard, the DBS certificate includes basic personal details such as your name, address and date of birth. It then shows your criminal record except for any convictions that may now be considered as “spent” according to the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act. A “spent” conviction is one that was a minor offence, or a minor offence committed a long time ago or when very young.